地球信息科学学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (5): 938-947.doi: 10.12082/dqxxkx.2021.200291

• 遥感科学与应用技术 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于Google Earth Engine和NDVI时序差异指数的作物种植区提取

姜伊兰1,2(), 陈保旺1, 黄玉芳1, 崔佳琪1,2, 郭宇龙1,2,*()   

  1. 1.河南农业大学资源与环境学院,郑州 450002
    2.河南省土地整治与生态重建工程技术研究中心,郑州 450002
  • 收稿日期:2020-06-08 修回日期:2020-08-24 出版日期:2021-05-25 发布日期:2021-07-25
  • 通讯作者: 郭宇龙
  • 作者简介:姜伊兰(1997— ),女,河南洛阳人,硕士生,主要从事土地资源管理研究。E-mail:934121453@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41701422);河南省重点研发与推广专项(科技攻关)(192102310251)

Crop Planting Area Extraction based on Google Earth Engine and NDVI Time Series Difference Index

JIANG Yilan1,2(), CHEN Baowang1, HUANG Yufang1, CUI Jiaqi1,2, GUO Yulong1,2,*()   

  1. 1. College of Resources and Environment , Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450002, China
    2. Henan Engineering Research Center of Land Consolidation and Ecological Restoration, Zhengzhou 450002, China
  • Received:2020-06-08 Revised:2020-08-24 Online:2021-05-25 Published:2021-07-25
  • Contact: GUO Yulong
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41701422);Key Research and Development and Promotion Projects in Henan Province(192102310251)

摘要:

为提高农作物种植信息遥感监测的效率,扩展数据适用范围,本文提出了一种基于时间序列NDVI差异指数的作物种植区提取方法。随着海量遥感与云计算的发展,Google Earth Engine作为一个全球尺度地理空间分析云平台,弥补了单机计算耗时长的不足,为快速遥感分类带来了新机遇。基于Google Earth Engine平台,以河南省开封市杞县为研究区,以2019—2020年杞县地区多时相Sentinel-2影像为数据源,结合物候信息,根据不同作物在时间序列NDVI曲线上的差异构建NDVI时序差异指数,从而提取作物种植区,区分不同作物类型,并与其他方法进行了精度验证和对比。结果表明:① NDVI时序差异指数法以作物物候信息为基础,与GEE高性能的计算能力相结合,形成了作物种植信息快速提取框架,可以方便快捷地进行作物种植区提取,较本地处理具有明显优势;② 杞县冬小麦和大蒜种植区有明显的空间分异性,冬小麦种植区主要集中在研究区西北部以及南部的农村居民点周围,而杞县大蒜则由于产品流通需要,主要集中在研究区中部以及东北部,居民点较为密集,交通便利的城市周边;③ 与时间序列支持向量机法和最大似然法相比较, NDVI时序差异指数进行作物种植区提取的总体精度达到83.72%, Kappa系数为0.67,分别比最大似然法提高了10.02%和0.21,比支持向量机法提高了4.18%和0.09,表明该方法能更高效率,更高精度地提取作物种植信息,实现区域作物种植信息的高效准确监测。总体来看,该方法在一定程度上可拓展遥感数据在农业领域的应用范围,具有推广价值。

关键词: Sentinel-2, NDVI, 时间序列, 物候特征, Google Earth Engine, 作物提取, 精度对比, 杞县

Abstract:

In order to improve the efficiency of remote sensing monitoring of crop planting and expand applications of remote sensing data, a method of crop planting area extraction based on NDVI time series difference index is proposed. With the development of remote sensing and cloud computing technologies, Google Earth Engine, as a global-scale geospatial analysis cloud platform, overcomes the disadvantages of traditional single-machine computing and brings new opportunities for rapid remote sensing classification. In this study, taking Qi County in Henan province as the study area, the NDVI time series difference index of different crops is constructed according to the characteristics of time series NDVI curve of each crop to extract crop planting information and distinguish different crop types using multi-temporal Sentinel-2 images in 2019-2020 based on the Google Earth Engine platform. The extraction accuracy is verified and compared with other existing methods. The results show that the NDVI time series difference index is based on crop phenology information and developed using GEE's high-performance computing capability, which forms a framework for rapid crop planting information extraction and has obvious advantages over traditional local computing. The winter wheat and garlic planting areas in Qi County have obvious spatial variation. The winter wheat planting areas are mainly concentrated in the northwest and southern rural residential areas of the study area. While the garlic in Qi County is mainly concentrated in the central and northeastern part of the study area due to the needs of transportation. Compared with other methods using support vector machine and maximum likelihood, the overall accuracy of crop planting area extraction using the NDVI time series difference index reaches 83.72%, and the Kappa coefficient is 0.67. The overall accuracy and the Kappa coefficient are 10.02% and 0.21 respectively higher than the maximum likelihood method, and are 4.18% and 0.09 respectively higher than the support vector machine method, which indicates that our method can extract crop planting information with high efficiency and high accuracy. We develop an efficient and accurate monitoring method for regional crop planting information extraction and expand the application of remote sensing data in the agricultural field, which has significant value for future agricultural applications.

Key words: Sentinel-2, NDVI, time-series, phenological characteristics, Google Earth Engine, crop extraction, accuracy comparison, Qi County